top of page

UPSC Exam Pattern and Syllabus | Understanding the Basic Structure

The UPSC IAS/IPS Exam is one of the most prestigious and competitive exams in India, and is conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) to select candidates for the Indian Administrative Service (IAS) and Indian Police Service (IPS) among other services. The exam is conducted in two stages: the Preliminary Exam and the Main Exam. It's important to have a good understanding of the exam pattern and syllabus in order to prepare effectively for the UPSC IAS/IPS Exam.


Exam pattern:


The UPSC IAS/IPS Exam is conducted in two stages: the Preliminary Exam and the Main Exam. The Preliminary Exam is also known as the Civil Services Aptitude Test (CSAT), and is a multiple-choice question (MCQ) based test. The exam is divided into two papers, each of which lasts for two hours. Paper 1 is General Studies and Paper 2 is Civil Services Aptitude Test (CSAT) which mainly tests the candidate's comprehension, reasoning, and analytical ability. Candidates who clear the cut off of this exam are eligible to appear for the Main Exam.


The Main Exam is a written test that covers a wide range of subjects such as Indian polity, economy, international relations, environment and ecology, and ethics. The Main Exam is divided into four papers, each of which lasts for three hours. Paper 1 is for Indian languages, Paper 2 is for English. Paper 3 and Paper 4 are for General Studies. In the Mains, there is also an optional subject to choose from, which is a candidate's area of interest and expertise.


Syllabus:


The UPSC IAS/IPS Exam covers a wide range of subjects, and the syllabus is divided into two parts: the Preliminary Exam and the Main Exam.


Preliminary Exam:


  • Paper 1: General Studies: Current events of national and international importance, history of India and Indian national movement, Indian and world geography - physical, social, economic geography of India and the world, Indian polity and governance - constitution, political system, Panchayati Raj, public policy, rights issues, etc.


  • Paper 2: Civil Services Aptitude Test (CSAT): comprehension, reasoning and analytical ability, mental ability, decision-making and problem-solving, basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.), data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc.)


Main Exam:

  • Paper 1: Indian Language: Comprehension passages, precis writing, usage and vocabulary, grammar and sentence structure, communication and translation from English to the Indian language.


  • Paper 2: English: Comprehension passages, precis writing, usage and vocabulary, grammar and sentence structure, communication and translation from Indian language to English.


  • Paper 3 & 4: General Studies: Indian polity and governance, social issues, economic and development, international relations, environment ecology, biodiversity, climate change, and disaster management.


  • Optional Subject: (Only in Paper 3 & 4) Any one subject to be selected from the list of optional subjects provided by UPSC.


It's important to note that the syllabus of the UPSC IAS/IPS Exam is vast and requires a lot of dedication and hard work to master. It's recommended to focus on the basics and practice as many question papers as possible.
3 views0 comments

Recent Posts

See All
bottom of page